Jericho is the most ancient city of the Holy Land. It is a city of Jordan on the west side of the valley of river Jordan. One of the most ancient unceasingly populated cities in the world, Jericho has been the most fortified city of the Canaanites. It has a significant strategic position from which one can easily gain access to the interior of the Holy Land.
Its strategic position served as an attraction pole for all people. Christ often went through Jericho each time he travelled to Jerusalem from his home town Galilee. This is witnessed by the incidents with Zacchaeus the publican, His meeting with the born-blind man and His last entrance in Jerusalem.
In the 4th century Jericho was proclaimed Archdiocese, while in the 5th and 6th centuries it had become a significant Shrine and monastic centre. Many churches were built in Jericho during the Byzantine era. Notably, Elisha’s spring, Prophet Elijah’s cave and Zacchaeus’ sycamore tree were congested shrines.